Army chief General Bipin Rawat on Friday (December 27) said the armed forces have utmost respect for laws related to human rights and they not only ensure the protection of human rights of people but also of its adversaries.
He was addressing interns and senior officers of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) on “Preserving Human Rights in Times of War and Prisoners of War” at the Manav Adhikar Bhawan here, officials said.
“The Indian armed forces are much disciplined and have the utmost respect for human rights laws and international human rights laws. The Indian armed forces not only ensure protection of human rights of our own people but also of adversaries and deal with Prisoners of War as per the Geneva Conventions,” General Rawat was quoted as saying in a statement.
The army chief’s comments came a day after he found himself in the midst of a massive row after he publicly criticised people leading protests against the amended citizenship law, saying leadership is not about guiding masses to carry out arson and violence across the country.
Rawat in his address at the NHRC event, asserted that the driving ethos of the armed forces are ‘insaniyat’ and ‘sharafat’ (humanity and decency)” and added that “they are extremely secular”. “The challenge is changing warfare tactics with the advent of technology. Unlike the attack by any armed forces, the terror attacks remain unaccountable in international law.
“Hence, counter-terrorism and anti-insurgency operations have to be dealt in a manner of winning the hearts of the people by identifying and alienating the insurgents among them without collateral damage, which becomes very challenging and difficult,” he said.
General Rawat also said the Army Headquarters had created a “human rights cell” in 1993, which is now being upgraded to the level of a directorate, which will be headed by an additional director general.
This will also have police personnel to address complaints of human rights violations against the armed force, and facilitate related inquiries, he said. Rawat said a new initiate was taken in October by recruiting women personnel in the Military Police Force.
He said keeping in view the provisions of human rights laws and importance of protection of human rights, “now a court of inquiry is being held after every anti-insurgency operation and all records are being maintained related to such operations”.
Referring to the Armed Force Special Powers Act (AFSPA), the Army chief said the Act gives “almost the same powers to the Army, which are also exercised by police and the CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force)” in connection with search and inquiry operations.
However, over the years the Army itself has “diluted its application in its own way under the ten commandments issued by the Chief of Army Staff which are to be strictly adhered by every soldier, particularly those deployed for operations in anti-insurgency areas,” Rawat was quoted as saying in the statement.
The Supreme Court guidelines on this are also being strictly followed by soldiers, who are all given special training before deployment in counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations, he said.NHRC Member justice P C Pant addressing the gathering gave an insight into various laws protecting human rights.
He also mentioned some of the fundamental rights, which are not given to the armed forces in line of duty, the NHRC statement said. NHRC Secretary General Jaideep Govind, NHRC Member D M Mulay, Director General (Investigation) Prabhat Singh, and other senior officers were also present on the occasion.