UP, Bihar, AP among top states in child trafficking; Delhi records alarming rise

UP, Bihar, AP among top states in child trafficking; Delhi records alarming rise

Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Andhra Pradesh are the top three states with the maximum number of children trafficked between 2016 and 2022, while Delhi has seen an alarming 68% rise from pre to post-COVID times, according to a new study by an NGO.

These statistics have been unveiled in a comprehensive report titled ‘Child Trafficking in India: Insights from Situational Data Analysis and the Need for Tech-driven Intervention Strategies’, jointly compiled by Games24x7 and the Kailash Satyarthi Children’s Foundation (KSCF), founded by Nobel Peace Laureate Kailash Satyarthi.

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Data from 21 states

The report, released on Sunday, to mark the World Day Against Trafficking in Persons, painted a troubling picture of the child trafficking crisis in the country. Among the top districts in child trafficking, Jaipur emerged as the hotspot in the country, while the other four top slots in the list were found to be in the national capital. The data gathered by Games24x7s data science team draws from KSCF and its partners’ interventions in child trafficking cases across 262 districts in 21 states from 2016 to 2022, providing a comprehensive overview of the current trends and patterns in child trafficking.

During this period, as many as 13,549 children under the age of 18 were rescued who also form a sample size of some of the analysis. The report revealed that 80% of the rescued children fell within the age group of 13 to 18 years, while 13% were aged nine to 12 years, and over 2% were even younger than nine years. This indicated that child trafficking affects children of various age groups, making it a pervasive issue.

Child labour rampant

The report also shed light on the industries where child labour is rampant. Hotels and dhabas employ the maximum number of child labourers (15.6%), followed by the automobile or transport industry (13%), and garments (11.18%). The report said children as young as five and eight years were found to be engaged in the cosmetic industry.

While the report showcased a significant surge in child trafficking cases across various states, Uttar Pradesh stands out with a staggering increase in incidents. The number of reported incidents in the pre-COVID phase (2016-2019) was 267, but it rose sharply to 1214 in the post-COVID phase (2021-2022).

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Similarly, Karnataka witnessed an 18-fold increase, soaring from 6 to 110 reported incidents. Despite these alarming figures, the report also highlighted the positive impact of government and law enforcement agencies proactive stance over the past decade.

Frequent interventions and awareness campaigns have led to an increase in reporting and have curtailed the number of trafficked children. However, the report emphasised the pressing need for a comprehensive anti-trafficking law to effectively combat child trafficking.

(With agency inputs)

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