US commission seeks sanctions on Indian agencies over violation of religious freedom

Citing “religiously discriminatory policies”, including laws targeting religious conversion, interfaith relationships, wearing of hijabs, and cow slaughter, commission urges Biden administration to designate India as a country of particular concern

The USCIRF in its report has also flagged issues like the ban on hijab in educational institutions. Representative photo

A federal US commission has flagged serious violations of religious freedom in India and has urged the Biden government to impose targeted sanctions on Indian government agencies and officials responsible for the same by freezing their assets.

The US Commission for International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) also recommended to the Congress to raise the issue of religious freedom during US-India bilateral meetings, and hold hearings on it.

In its annual report on religious freedom, the USCIRF asked the US State Department to designate India as a country of particular concern on the status of religious freedom along with several other nations. The USCIRF has been making similar recommendations to the State Department since 2020, which have not been accepted so far.

It is to be noted that the USCIRF’s recommendations are not mandatory for the State Department.

Religious freedom continues to worsen: Report

In its India section of the report, USCIRF alleged that in 2022, religious freedom conditions in India continued to worsen.

“Throughout the year, the Indian government at the national, state, and local levels promoted and enforced religiously discriminatory policies, including laws targeting religious conversion, interfaith relationships, the wearing of hijabs, and cow slaughter, which negatively impact Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Dalits, and Adivasis (indigenous peoples and scheduled tribes),” the report said.

“The national government also continued to suppress critical voices – particularly religious minorities and those advocating on their behalf – including through surveillance, harassment, demolition of property, and detention under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA) and by targeting nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA),” the USCIRF alleged.

Addressing reporters about the report, State Department’s Deputy Spokesperson Vedant Patel said USCIRF is not a branch of the State Department, or the Executive Branch, and its report reflects the importance of religious freedom to the American people.

“While the report’s recommendations for designations overlap to some extent with the State Department’s lists of countries of particular concern, it is not entirely conclusive.

“Governments or other entities that have questions or comments about this report should reach out to the Commission directly,” Patel said.

Indian diaspora body slams report

US-based non-profit organisation, Foundation of Indian and Indian Diaspora Studies (FIIDS) slammed the USCIRF report, calling it “biased”.

“While the USCIRF is predictably attempting to revive its annual case against India for inclusion in the CPC, it does so with a weaker set of data points that are predictably filled with both omission and commission,” Khanderao Kand of FIIDS said in a statement.

“It conveniently lists delays in court cases but conveniently omits the fact that the Assam High Court actually ordered the implementation of the NRC, not the government,” Kand said.
Kand also talks about the alleged failure of the report to acknowledge the “cultural and economic significance of cows to Indian villagers,” not to mention the constitutional ban on cow slaughter.

“It conveniently ignores the fact that the bulldozed houses were illegal and notified, and the list of omissions goes on. Astonishingly, the USCIRF fails to mention the beheadings of Hindus and their targeted killings by jihadi Muslims in Kashmir,” he said.

“Moreover, there seems to be a biased agenda of USCIRF generalising isolated incidents without considering the complexities of India’s diverse population of 1.3 billion people. It is clear that the USCIRFs renewed effort lacks the necessary objectivity and fairness, and it raises questions about their true intentions and credibility,” Kand said.

Muslim body seconds report

The Indian American Muslim Council (IAMC) welcomed the USCIRF’s decision to recommend that India be designated as a country of particular concern for the fourth consecutive year.
“This decision reaffirms what IMAC has been saying for years that India’s government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has continued to systematically violate the religious freedom of minority communities, particularly Muslims and Christians,” said Rasheed Ahmed, IAMC’s executive director.

“It is high time that the State Department acts on USCIRFs recommendation and holds India accountable as the ground situation becomes increasingly more violent and dangerous for its religious minorities. We particularly welcome that the report highlights the systematic and appalling harassment of journalists,” Ahmed said.

(With inputs from agencies)