Pattanam throws up new dimension between Muziris and Rome through a She Sphinx intaglio

Located in the Periyar delta region, Pattanam is now confirmed as the legendary port of Muziris or Muciri Pattinam or Vanji city, mentioned in the classical Tamil, Greek, and Latin sources. Photo: Wikimedia

Pattanam, a mount on the banks of the Periyar river in Kerala, is considered a part of the ancient port called, Muziris, which is mentioned in Roman, Greek and Sangam literature. A huge volume of (1.3 lakh) artefacts made of iron, copper, gold, lead, glass, precious stones and terracotta have been unearthed since the excavation began in Pattanam in 2006. At least 45 lakh Indian-made pottery assemblages and 1.5 lakh pottery pieces of the Chinese, South Arabian, Red Sea and Mediterranean provenance have also been excavated from the site so far.

Studies have been conducted based on the materials excavated from Pattanam, but an exclusive study,......